I am going to challenge what has become "truth" found in Horace Mack's book, History of Columbiana County, Ohio which was published in 1879. On page 131, in the Elkrun Township section, there is a paragraph outlining the four Cannon brothers who removed from Pennsylvania to Elkrun Township. They are John, Lindsey, Matthew and Thomas. Lindsey Cannon is my maternal great great great grandfather which is why this paragraph is of interest to me. Lindsey married a daughter of John and Elizabeth Fife, another early pioneer family of Columbiana County and my maternal 4x great grandparents.
What has been taken as truth is, "Two brothers of John Canon were residents of Elk Run,--Mathew, a single man and Lindsey, who settled in St. Clair, but afterwards removed to the place now occupied by his son Mathew." Matthew Cannon was NOT a single man. He was married to one of John Fife's daughters, Jane Fife. Both Lindsey and his brother, Matthew, married Fife sisters.
I realize some of the information found in these history books is gleaned from current county and township residents. I know there were Cannon and Fife family members still living in the area. Perhaps the inaccurate history is due to the fact that there is no marriage documentation for Matthew Cannon and Jane Fife. There are other legal documents; however, that do support their union.
Matthew Cannon and Jane Fife Cannon are my maternal ggg grand uncle and aunt. Matthew was born circa 1782 in Pennsylvania and Jane, November 5, 1785, St. Clair Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
On April 29, 1806, Matthew Cannon purchased property in Columbiana County, Elkrun Township in Section 29. This property would be his home.
|History of Columbiana County, Ohio, by Horace Mack|
page 56 & 57
On May 8, 1806 the 1st Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Ohio Militia. John, Lindsey and Matthew Cannon were all involved. Matthew is listed under his older brother, John Cannon's Company.
Matthew is listed on the 1810 tax list for Columbiana County, Ohio. There was not a 1810 Census for Ohio.
|Land Patent, Matthew Cannon|
January 10, 1812
On January 10, 1812, Matthew Cannon had paid in full for his land in section 29, Elkrun Township, Columbiana County, Ohio. Matthew was able to purchase land through the Harrison Land Act at a minimum of $2.00 an acre. The necessary acreage was 320 acres. Matthew purchased that amount; however, sold one piece to his brother Lindsey in 1809.
On the October 10, 1816 state election both Matthew and his brother John were registered in Elkrun Township to cast a vote for Ohio State officers.
There are tax assessments for Matthew Cannon from 1816-1838 listing his property in Elkrun Township, Section 29 available on the Family Search website. I do want to note that there are several tax records of Matthew's that are listed as Unity Township. That is incorrect, those records are definitely from Elkrun Township as John Cannon is also there. Plus Matthew's property is listed as 2-11-29--Columbiana County is 2, Elkrun Township is 11, Section is 29 on what is identified as Unity Township.
Matthew Cannons 1816 Tax Assessment. Range 2-Columbiana County, Township 11-Elkrun, Section 29. 160.53 acres in the southeast portion of section 29. Matthew was the original owner of this property.
I have been scrolling through the actual Columbiana County marriage record and have seen there are plenty of missing dates. Certainly in the entire county, folks were getting married almost daily. I began to see Fife weddings beginning with Lindsey and Elizabeth in 1809. I think an educated guess is that Matthew Cannon and Jane Fife married between 1809-1815.
They definitely were married by June 27, 1816 when Jane Fife Cannon's father, John Fife wrote his will. John Fife's will was the first legal document I found that pointed me in the direction of Matthew Cannon, a married man.
|St Clair Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|
Land of William Fife, Sr and his brother, John Fife
I will admit that I have not done due diligence on my Fife ancestry. John Fife married his cousin Elizabeth Fife in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The family removed to Columbiana County, Ohio from St. Clair Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania in the early 1800's. John was the son of William Fife, Sr. and Elizabeth was the daughter of John Fife. To be fair, untangling the large Fife family is just a bit daunting.
|From the book, Marriages of Columbiana County, Ohio|
|Jane Cannon, Widow|
|1840 Ohio Federal Census|
New Lisbon, Centre Township, Columbiana County
|1850 Ohio Federal Census|
Elkrun Township, Columbiana County
August 29, 1850
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