Thursday, February 22, 2018

Wordsley, Kingswinford Parish, Staffordshire, England

   
Wordsley from Holy Trinity Church circa 1900

       My Hughes ancestors apparently originated in Wales; however, to date, this is where my story begins, Wordsley, a village located in the Kingswinford Parish, Staffordshire County, England. Wikipedia describes the location best,

     "Wordsley is a village south of Kingswinford and north of Stourbridge in the West Midlands, England.  It is part of the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley and falls into the Stourbridge postcode and address area, being just north of the River Stour."


Staffordshire County, England
    
      I seem to recall my paternal grandfather mentioning that back in the day, our Hughes family came from Birmingham.  Well, in a general way, they did.  Wordsley is located west of Birmingham.  Today there appears to be a motorway around Birmingham and Wordsley might be considered by US standards, a bedroom community of Birmingham.  Today it would take about 45 minutes to make the trip by car.

     The key to my Hughes family history would unlock the door of the canal system which opened up England, especially those towns and villages located inland, to the industrial revolution.  Roads were not as developed in the 18th and 19th century and could not handle heavy weight, so a system of canals was developed to link many areas with seaside towns.  By the mid 19th century railroads began to take over; however, my focus is on the canal system and Wordsley from about 1840-1880. 

Boatmen on the Stourbridge Canal late 1800's 

      My paternal 4x great grandfathers, William Hughes and William Hill, were both boatman, as was my paternal 3x great grandfather, Samuel Hughes.  They either pulled their boats or had a mule or horse to do the heavy work up and down the Stourbridge Canal.  Both families lived in the Wordsley Green area of Wordsley.



     The Stourbridge Canal was built using the Stour River which flowed from Stourbridge to Stourport.  It connected with other canals helping to move products through this section of England and outward.  In the beginning the primary industry in the area was glass; however, with the advent of the canal, many more products became available.  One was providing access to the coal mined in Dudley.



     The canal is 4.2 miles in length with 20 locks.  There is a stair step section of sixteen locks leading up to Brierley Hill.

Lock # 2 on the Allegheny River, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Located across from Sharpsburg, Etna and Aspinwall
           
     I have always been fascinated with canals and locks.  Perhaps I am genetically predisposed ;-)  I can remember when I was a child taking a trip on the Allegheny River in the Pittsburgh area and  being channeled into a lock.  The door closed behind the boat and water was pumped into the lock raising the boat up to the level of the water on the other side of the lock--very cool.  Obviously, it was a backward scenario going back down the river, with the lock door closing and water being released in the lock to gently lift us back down to the lower portion of the river.

     Canals, with the towpath running beside, has also captured my attention since childhood.  How many times as children did we sing the song, Low Bridge or 15 Miles on the Erie Canal.  There was a time when we were on vacation and saw a  historic sign while driving near a portion of the Erie Canal in northern New York.  Of course we had to get out of the car and have a look.  Even here in the Cleveland, Ohio area we have the Ohio & Erie Canalway that runs from Lake Erie in Cleveland south to New Philadelphia, Ohio.  Hiking along the towpath is on my bucket list.

     Numerous men and their sons, who lived in Wordsley, were involved with the boat traffic that flowed by the village on the canal; however, the primary industry was glass.  In the photo at the top of the blog there are four glass factory cones that are dominant in the view.  From mid century census reports, I have found cousins who were involved with the glass industry from the Hill family side of this tree.  





     Several years ago, my UK friend, Heather, sent me this exceptional gift.  I was, and am, so appreciative of her thoughtfulness over the years.  How special to have a piece of my heritage which I can touch.

     Wordsley begins the earliest residence of my Hughes story.  Next stop is West Hartlepool, County Durham, England. 



 I WOULD LOVE TO HEAR FROM YOU. All comments are welcome; however, if they are inappropriate, they will not be published.    PLEASE post your e-mail in the comment section if you would like to network about a particular surname or topic. I will capture it for my use only and not include it when I publish your comment.
© 2018, copyright Linda Hughes Hiser


Sunday, February 18, 2018

Ann Hill Hughes of West Hartlepool, England

     

     Yesterday I pulled the trigger and upgraded my Ancestry membership from US Discovery to the World Explorer plan and I was off and running :-)

     Perhaps the blog on my paternal 3 great grandfather, Samuel Hughes, pushed me onward to find more information on my English roots.  My UK friend, Heather, who I have mentioned countless times on Flipside as my European go to genealogical friend, has been a valuable assistant in piecing my UK family together.  Now I can also begin researching them from here in the US.

St. Peter's Church, Kinver, Staffordshire, England

     Ann Hill Hughes, wife of Samuel, and my paternal 3x great grandmother was born about 1832, the daughter of William Hill and Ann Parry.  Ann Hill and Samuel Hughes married on February 12, 1849  in St. Peter's Church in Kinver, Staffordshire, England.  They relocated to West Hartlepool, England by the 1871 UK census. 

     Untangling the Hughes family in West Hartlepool has been comparable to piecing a puzzle back together.  There are several different Hughes families who made their home in West Hartlepool and I have not been able to determine if they are related generations back.  Then there is the inevitable genealogical issue that the same forenames are found generation after generation.  Fortunately, in my family, some of the members also are referred to by their first and middle names, which is a help.  Although I have several George Henry Hughes' in my line.  My paternal grandfather, my 2x great grandfather, a first cousin 3x removed and several more who I have yet to place on my family tree.  Hopefully having access to the World Explorer and UK census reports will assist in my Hughes detective work.

     The name Ann Hughes is no different....so many to untangle.  The ability to follow UK census reports and also the combination of  the Tees Valley Indexes website and the Durham Records Online have made me almost 100% certain that I have located the death information for my paternal 3x great grandmother.

     Samuel and Ann Hughes were enumerated with one of their married daughters, Anna Marie Hughes Hussey and her family in 1891.  Following Samuel's death in 1895, it appears that Ann continued to stay with the Hussey family as she is enumerated with them in 1901.

1911 United Kingdom Census Report for Ann Hill Hughes

     I already had a copy of the UK BMD index which lists an Ann Hughes, age 80 dying in Hartlepool in April, May or June of 1911.  I was able to locate a 1911 UK census report for Ann Hughes, with the correct birth and number of children information.  She was living at 11 Bowser Street in a 4 room house as an invalid.  A Durham County death record that I found shows that an Ann Hughes on Bowser street died in 1911.  This is the only Ann Hughes to have died in Hartlepool from 1901-1911.

     I am hoping to be able to secure her death record from the Tees Valley Index and also am hoping it might give me the further proof I need to nail this down.  Either listing her deceased husband or having a family member sign the form.

Ann Hill Hughes Death Certificate

     Heather to the rescue.  She reached out to the Hartlepool records office and voila!  As always.....THANK YOU Heather.

     Now I have an exact date of death for my paternal 3x great grandmother.  Ann died at her home, 11 Bowser Street, West Hartlepool, England on June 14, 1911 at eighty years old.  Her son, my paternal 2x great grandfather and Ann's son, George Henry Hughes, was present at his mother's death.  The certificate also lists Samuel Hughes as her deceased husband.  

     Senile decay might be comparable to dementia or Alzheimer disease today and syncope is a loss of consciousness due to a lack of blood flow to the brain--fainting.  The 1911 UK census lists her as an invalid who was living in a 4 room dwelling, alone.  The  kitchen was counted, so there was probably a living room space a bedroom and perhaps a room comparable to a dining room.  

     There certainly were numerous adult children and older grand children living nearby.  I wonder if Hughes family members took turns staying with Ann to assist her with the daily personal and housekeeping duties?  I hope so.  Having a father who had dementia, it would not have been remotely possible, as the disease progressed, for him to have fixed a meal, done any toileting procedures, etc.  In fact, he was not able to transfer by himself from his bed to the floor.  Fortunately, he was properly cared for first, in an assisted living facility and finally, in a nursing home.  

     I think I now have collected enough information on the Samuel and Ann Hill Hughes family to do a proper blog.  Stay tuned ;-)

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© 2018, copyright Linda Hughes Hiser


Sunday, February 4, 2018

Tombstone Tuesday--Samuel Hughes of West Hartlepool, England

    

     I have double checked Flipside and do not think I have posted this before.  In my attempt this year to blog more, I will admit the information was found two years ago during my hiatus. ;-)

     This Samuel Hughes is my paternal 3x great grandfather. I will go into more detail as to his family story at a later date.  He was the son of William and Mary Hughes and born in Kingswinford in the County of Staffordshire, England in 1830.  He married Ann Hill in 1849 and by 1871 the family had relocated to West Hartlepool, England.  The photo of Samuel's tombstone was found on Gravestone Photographic Resource.

Samuel Hughes Death Certificate 1895
West Hartlepool, England

    
     Samuel and Ann Hughes were living at their married daughter's, Anna Hughes Hussey, home at 76 Salisbury Terrace, West Hartlepool, England.  Samuel died at the house on December 4, 1895 at age sixty-five of bronchitis and general lung congestion.  Samuel's tombstone is located in Municipal North Cemetery, Hartlepool, Durham County, England.


     The obituaries from this time in the Hartlepool newspapers do have the sentence, "Friends please accept this intimation."  Intimation was not a word I was familiar with and wondered what it meant.  A quick search online at Dictionary.com gave me one definition--announcement or declaration.  Often I have also seen, "Friends please accept this the only intimation.

I WOULD LOVE TO HEAR FROM YOU. All comments are welcome; however, if they are inappropriate, they will not be published.    PLEASE post your e-mail in the comment section if you would like to network about a particular surname or topic. I will capture it for my use only and not include it when I publish your comment.
© 2018, copyright Linda Hughes Hiser


Friday, February 2, 2018

Half and Half Revisited


      This is a second newspaper article, found in the Northern Daily Mail, West Hartlepool, Monday, September 16, 1895.  It regards my paternal great grandfather's court appearance to testify as to an incident involving Adam Guthrie and a Hartlepool police officer, P.P. George Edward  Lawless.  It is the second West Hartlepool police court date. The outcome of the hearing was to send it to the Durham court.

     According to the testimony of John George Hughes, he corroborated the testimony of the police officer.  John must have also been on Lynn Street during the night of the altercation as P.C. Lawless asked for his help with Guthrie.

First newspaper article on Flipside, A Half and a Half

I WOULD LOVE TO HEAR FROM YOU. All comments are welcome; however, if they are inappropriate, they will not be published.    PLEASE post your e-mail in the comment section if you would like to network about a particular surname or topic. I will capture it for my use only and not include it when I publish your comment.
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Thursday, February 1, 2018

Ernest Alfred Olesen

   
United Kingdom Birth Records 
     I am slowly working my way through my Olesen Family.  It appears I have not spent any quality time researching my paternal great granduncle, Ernest Alfred Olesen.  He was the youngest child born to Christian Invart Olesen and Ferdinanda Weiss Olesen.  Ernest was born on April 19, 1891  in West Hartlepool,  Durham County, England.  He joined five other children in the Olesen family.  One brother, George Invart Olesen, died in 1888, three years before Ernest was born.  Ernest was still a baby when his father died in 1892.  He was raised by his mother, a single parent.

Northern Daily Mail, West Hartlepool, England
Friday, August 17, 1894, page 3

      I have no idea how Ferdinanda paid for her family's living expenses during the 1890's while her children were still young, although children did work in England during those years.  There is a newspaper article dated August 17, 1894 that gives me a peek into the family life.  Ernest's oldest brother, Frederick, attacked his mother, Ferdinanda and was sent off to two months hard labor.  At that time, Frederick had not worked for two years, so he was not providing for the family and during the inquest, in a question and answer session, Ferdinanda says she is working; however, the occupation is not given. Various newspaper articles show that  Frederick Olesen was a occasionally in trouble in West Hartlepool before and after he joined the army in 1898.  His attestation papers list that he was employed as a laborer and continued to make his home with his mother.  Ernest grew up in a family with an older brother who was causing havoc in the family and community.

1901 United Kingdom Census
Durham County, West Hartlepool, All Saints Parish
RG13/4641

     The family suffered a loss on January 24, 1901 when Ernest's brother, Adolph Heinrich Weiss Olesen died at age fifteen.  Later that year the 1901 UK census for the family shows that the Olesen family is making their home at 7 Bolton Street.  The family has been at 7 Bolton since Christian's death in 1892  Ernest is age 9 and probably in school.  An older brother, William, age twenty one, is working at a sawyer (a person who saws wood) and his sister, Emily, age seventeen, is apprenticed as a dress maker.  My paternal great grandmother and Ernest's oldest sister, Elizabeth Ferdinande Olesen Hughes, was married and raising a son, my paternal great grandfather, George Henry Hughes, in West Hartlepool.  Frederick is not at the house for the enumeration and could be still serving in the army.

     In 1906, Ernest's Aunt Elizabeth and her family immigrated to the United States. I have no knowledge as to the reason why my paternal great grandmother and her family left West Hartlepool for the United States; however I am sure the move across the ocean to a new country was met with hope and anxiety for both the Olesen and Hughes families.  Ernest would have been age fifteen.  Unbeknownst to the Olesen family all but Frederick would follow Elizabeth in the upcoming years.

     In 1910, Elizabeth Olesen Hughes crossed the ocean to West Hartlepool.  At this time, William (Bill) Olesen decided to immigrate to the United States and he accompanied his sister back to Elizabeth's house on the South Side, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  I do not have any records to show whether Bill stayed in the US or if it was a visit; however, he is not enumerated on the Olesen 1911 census.



     The Olesen family was making their home at 73 South Parade in West Hartlepool by the 1911 United Kingdom Census.  They have a page all to themselves and Ernest provided and signed the report.  Ernest is age twenty and is working as a clerk in an estate office.  Also on the census is his sister Emily and her husband, Rowland Richards.

     Another family member left West Hartlepool in 1914, Emily's husband, Rowland Richards, immigrated to the US and stayed with the Hughes Family in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Certainly in the West Hartlepool Olesen family a seed has been planted that life was better in the United States and conversation around the dinner table undoubtedly revolved around that issue.

     I have digressed a bit from the story of Ernest Alfred Olesen to provide insight into the family and the family dynamic he was living in as a child and young man.



 This photo was identified in an  album, by my paternal grandmother, as a photo of "Uncle Ernie World War I".  Uncle Ernie, Ernest Alfred Olesen, was her husband's uncle and would have been known in her family as Uncle Ernie.  She would have been able to identify him as she had met him and his wife, Annie.  




     From 1914 to 1920 Ernest had several life changing events.  Between 1914-1915 he enlisted the 22 Manchester (7th City) Battalion during England's participation in World War I.  I found a Manchester Batallion website that listed the soldiers number and Ernest's falls within those that fought with the battalion called 7th City.  His record shows he was a private, saw military conflict and received a silver badge for his service.  Shame on me, I found him also listed as a Lance Corporal; however, I did not save the website.  I will add it if I ever find it again ;-)  I do not know how many years he served with the 22 Manchester.

1915M4-O-0218

      In 1915, Ernie married Ann Wanless in a ceremony at Christ Church, West Hartlepool, England.  Ann, also known as Annie, was born on February 16, 1890 in West Haartlepool, England,  She was the daughter of Robert William and Annie Wanless.  The actual date of the marriage I have not been able to find; however, it was in the last three months of the year.  Whether Ernest was on leave from his military service or had mustered out is also unknown. 

1916B4-O-0111

     The couples only child, a son, Oscar Ernest Olesen, was born on September 28, 1916 in West Hartlepool, England.  The date of his birth has been taken from his United States records; however, the record in England lists that his birthday fell during the last three months of the year.


1920 Olesen Immigration Records

     On February 26, 1920, Ernest, Annie and Oscar boarded the SS Baltic in Liverpool, England.  They sailed tourist class and their passage was paid by the shipping broker, Simpson, Spence & Young, where Ernest would be an accountant.  The SS Baltic, also known as RMS Baltic, was one of four the big four ocean liners of the White Star Line.  I found an SS Baltic video on YouTube which shows numerous photos of this ship that primarily sailed between Liverpool and New York City. 

     On July 24 1920, Bill Olesen returned to the United States with his mother, Ferdinanda Weiss Olesen and his sister, Emily Maud Olesen Richards.  The final portion of the family traveled aboard the Cunard ocean liner, SS Aquitania, from Liverpool, England to New York City.  YouTube has an interesting video of the history of the SS Aquitania.  I have no idea if Bill Olesen returned to England to pick up his mother and sister or if he had returned years earlier and was living with them.


891 East 14th Street, Flatbush, New York in 2018
This may have also been the first home to the Ernest Olesen Family in 1920

     The immigration record lists the intended destination, of the final three Olesens,  is brother and son (Ernest) who was in 1920 was living in an apartment located in the neighborhood of Brooklyn, 891 E 14th Street, Flatbush, New York.

     Although the immigration record shows that the family of Ernest Olesen planned to be in the US for only six months, I believe that they came and stayed. The only US records for them from their arrival until a vacation cruise in 1924, is that they made their first home in Flatbush after they arrived.  I have not located any documents of Ernest becoming a US citizen.  In the 1930 and 1940 US census, Ernest and family do list 1920 as the year they immigrated; however, there is no NA (naturalized) after the date.  Instead, there is an AL, "AL: The immigrant had not yet naturalized or even begun the process.  Not every immigrant naturalized."  (Family Search United States Naturalization and Citizenship)  Perhaps they lived in the US until their deaths, but never became citizens.  I have also not located any US passport applications, which would probably make sense if they never naturalized. 

     Sometime between 1920 and 1924 the Olesen's purchased a home at 228 Broadway, Lynbrook, New York.  From searching on Google maps, it appears that the house no longer exists or has been renumbered.  The family lived at ths address from 1924 util 1933 taken from a 1925 New York Census, the 1928 New York City Directory, the 1930 United States Census for New York and several passenger lists from cruises and vacations out of the country.



     During the period of time from 1924 to 1933 there were eight passenger records for either Ernest alone or for the family.  These records have proven invaluable.


1924

    On October 4, 1924 the Olesen family sailed aboard the ocean liner, SS Fort St. George, from Hamilton, Bermuda arriving at the port of New York City on October 6, 1924.

1925

     1.  On March 23, 1925 Ernest Olesen returned to New York City from a trip to Hamilton, Bermuda.  There is no other information as the first page of the passenger list is missing. 

     2.  On September 25, 1925 the Olesen family sailed aboard the ocean liner, SS Fort St. George, from Hamilton, Bermuda arriving at the port of New York City on September 26, 1925.

     3.  On November 11, 1925 the Olesen family sailed aboard the ocean liner, SS London Mariner, from New York City to London, England.  The London Mariner was a ship owned by Furness, Withy & Company.  Ernest gave his address in London as the office of Furness, Withy & Company.  The family left London, England on the SS London Commerce arriving at the port of e York City on December 4, 1925.  The name and addrsess of Ann's mother was given on the incoming passenger list  Perhaps the Olesen's traveled from London to West Hartlepool to visit with family during their trip.

     The Olesen family took a cruise on a Furness ship in 1924 and It appears that by 1925 that Ernest Olesen had left the shipping broker Simpson, Smith & Young and joined the British transport business of Furness, Withy & Company as an accountant.  The address given as a person in the United States who knew Ernest on the 1925 Bermuda trip is the address of Furness, Withy & Company and the family sailed on Furness, Withy & Company ships to and from England along with going to the firms office in London.  Oddly, the company began in Hartlepool, England and I would assume that Ernest was well acquainted with it before he left for the United States in 1920.

1927

     On September 10, 1927 the Olesen family sailed aboard the ocean liner SS Fort St. George from Hamilton, Bermuda arriving at the port of New York City on September 12, 1927

1929

     On September 24, 1929 Ernest and Annie Olesen sailed aboard the ocean liner SS Bermuda from Hamilton, Bermuda arriving at the port of New York City on September 26, 1929.

1931

     On July 11, 1931 the Olesen family sailed aboard the ocean liner SS Fort St George on a cruise to Halifax, Nova Scotia and St. John's, Newfoundland arriving at the port of New York City on July 23, 1931.

1933
    
     On March 1, 1933 Ernest Olesen sailed aboard the SS Monarch of Bermuda from Hamilton, Bermuda arriving at the port of New York City on March 3, 1933.


1930 United States Census Report cropped
     The first United States census report for the Olesen family is 1930.  They continue to live at 228 Broadway, the village of Lynbrook, in Nassau County, New York.  Ernest owned his home with a value of $12,000.00.  I was able to calculate the cost of the house in 2018 using DollarTimes which factors in inflation and came up with a little over $171,000.00.  An interesting article, The 1930 Census in Perspective, gave me some insight into a few of the new questions found on the census.

     The family owned a radio.  A question that was added as a consumerism and mass communication question.  Ernest lists his father as having been born in Denmark and his mother as having been born in Germany--two facts that I already knew; however, it is confirmation.  All three family members are listed as having immigrated in 1920 and are still aliens.  Ernest is the only family who is employed and he works as an accountant with a shipping company.  This census asked if anyone was a veteran of a war and which one.  Ernest lists World War I.

     I would like to momentarily digress to compare Ernest's lifestyle with his siblings who were at that time living in two different cities in Butler County, Pennsylvania.  His sister, Elizabeth Olesen Hughes, brother Bill Olesen and mother, Ferdinanda Weiss Olesen were living together in a Jones and Laughlin company house located in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania renting it for $35.00 a month.  Bill was supporting the family as a locomotive engineer with the J&L steel company.  The inflation factor computes $35.00 per month to $501.00 in 2018.  Ernest's other sister, Emily Maud Olesen Richards and her husband, Rowland Richards owned a home in Monaca, Pennsylvania valued at $5,000.00 which would be valued at a little over $71,000.00 in 2018.  Rowland was a laborer at a steel mill.  Both households did own a radio.

     Ernest's mathematical ability as an accountant with a large international shipping company afforded him a much more comfortable lifestyle than his siblings.


1940 United States Federal Census cropped 

     The primary record for the family during the 1940's is the census report.  



     The Olesen's moved to a new house at 316 Broadway, in the village of Lynbrook sometime between 1930-1935.  Basically they moved a couple of blocks down the street. They owned the house and the cost was $7,000.00 which translates to 2018 value as $123,000.00.  The house still stands today and is pictured on Google map.  It was built in 1920 and is a lovely two story home on a residential street.  Zillow lists the current price, if it was for sale, would be almost $488,000.00.


1942 World War II Draft Record for Ernest Alfred Olesen

     The records and documents from 1940 on are somewhat limited.  I would imagine that the Olesen's continued to travel outside the United States.  There is a World War II draft document dated 1942 for Ernest showing his employment, still with Furness Withy and living at the house pictured above.

     I have not intentionally ignored my paternal great grandaunt, Ann (Annie) Wanless Olesen; however the records I have found are either for her husband or the family.  In the late 1940's I have several for her.   



     Rummaging around in my "baby box" I found the little card above signed by Great Great Aunt Ann.  I was born in 1947 and was the first great grandchild of Ann's sister in law, Elizabeth Olesen Hughes.  I am going to digress here to share a difference in nomenclature.  Ancestry calls Ann my great great aunt, while searching in Google, I have found great grandaunt.  I have decided to use great grandaunt and uncle.
   

     In June 1949, Annie traveled to Canada, perhaps alone.  I located a Boarder Crossing document for her crossing from Canada to Detroit on June 22, 1949.  Of interest:  Ann is listed as a British citizen.  I was also excited to have a photograph of her.




     I have two photographs of Annie that were identified by my Aunt Faith, who is pictured with Annie in one and another of Annie with her sister in law and my paternal great grandmother, Elizabeth Olesen Hughes.   Faith's relation to Annie Olesen would be her grandaunt.  I would like to mention that when I interviewed my Aunt Faith her comments regarding Ann Olesen were, " Ann Olesen, wife of Ernie Olesen. Aunt Ann was a fun lady.  Class lady.  She had a lovely British accent.  Faith remembers that she visited in Florida and visited in Avalon."   


1952 New York Death Record for Ernest Alfred Olesen

Obituary for Ernest Alfred Olesen
Hartlepool, England

     On January 12, 1952, at age sixty one, Ernest died at his home in Lynbrook.  I was, once again, fortunate to have access, for a brief time in 2016, to the newspapers of the UK and found an obituary for Ernest Alfred (Ted) Olesen in the Hartlepool newspaper.  It was interesting to find that he was nicknamed, Ted.  To date I have not located an obituary in the United States or where he is buried.



     In October 1966, Annie Wanless Olesen died in Lynbrook, New York at the age of seventy six.  As with Ernie, I have not , to date, found  her obituary or burial place.

  

     



I WOULD LOVE TO HEAR FROM YOU. All comments are welcome; however, if they are inappropriate, they will not be published.  PLEASE post your e-mail in the comment section if you would like to network about a particular surname or topic. I will capture it for my use only and not include it when I publish your comment.
© 2018, copyright Linda Hughes Hiseree